Thursday, September 17, 2015

REDO Attai Act 1 Summary Response (2)

Summary Response Outline

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • Othello by William Shakespeare explores the progression of revenge through the conflicting actions displayed by the characters.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas (example and explanation/elaboration of example)
    • The maelstrom of emotions expressed by main characters Iago, Roderigo, and Othello set the tone for the story’s conflicts.
    • Othello, a renown black lieutenant in Venice, made decisions that instigated conflict with Iago, a loyal ancient of Othello who desires a higher military rank, and Roderigo, a man who is desperate to regain the love of Othello’s wife, Desdemona
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • In his play, Othello, Shakespeare illustrates how these characters’ colliding actions lead to revenge throughout the story.
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays) because ___________ .
    • Othello, by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays how one will change their identity to gain revenge, because the subtlety and unexpectedness of revenge can unexpectedly lead to the demise of another.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • Iago is one of the main antagonists and characters in the play. He possesses a great deal of military knowledge and skill, but is underutilized as an ancient, or servant, to the praised Othello. After a position as an officer alongside Othello was vacant, Iago hoped that he would be selected as a result of his loyalty and skill by Othello. Unfortunately, Othello gave the position to a man named Cassio, which Iago believed to be inexperienced and unqualified for the officer role. In order to gain revenge on Othello for his “misjudgment”, Iago places a “mask” over himself.
    • Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation” (       )
      • Iago discloses this information about his plan as he explains, “He holds me well. The better shall my purpose work on him...The Moor is of a free and open nature that thinks men honest that but seem to be so, and will as tenderly be led by th’ nose as asses are ” (Shakespeare 1.3 55).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
      • Because Iago has proven himself to be trustworthy and loyal to Othello, he formulates a plan to utilize a “new identity” to retaliate against the hated Moor Othello. He applies a shield of innocence over himself, completing the initial steps of his plot. He will use the good, trusting nature of Othello to hurt him in an undetected manner, which he plans will result in Othello’s downfall and lead to his succession of power.
  • Counterclaim 1: However,
    • Set-up
      • However, a change in identity to obtain revenge is not entirely portrayed correctly in the story. Iago does not conceal his true identity around Roderigo. Roderigo is a young, wealthy, and foolish man who has experienced a prolonged love for Desdemona, a Venetian woman now married to Othello. Angered by this recent development, Roderigo plans to gain revenge on Othello by winning back Desdemona’s heart while the couple is in Cyprus. This will be done with Iago’s aid.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • Iago helps develop Roderigo’s plan by explaining to him, “Put money in thy purse. Follow thou the wars; defeat thy favor with an usurped beard...It cannot be that Desdemona should (long) continue her love to the Moor--put money in thy purse--nor he his to her” (Shakespeare 1.3 51).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
      • In order for Iago to execute his plan, he requires an alliance with Roderigo. Roderigo’s wealth makes funding accessible and beneficial for him. Iago requires Roderigo’s involvement to execute his plan, so he introduces the idea of saving money “in thy purse” to help bring Roderigo out of his depressed state. In this instance, Iago does not go incognito in front of Roderigo. Iago is honest to Roderigo about what he must do and what he must remember. He speaks to Roderigo directly with his sincerity and seriousness, for he is in dire need of his ally’s help as much as his ally requires his. Because Iago dismisses his mask and presents himself to Roderigo in this state of purity, the stated necessity to change one’s identity to obtain revenge is incorrectly portrayed.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • At first glance, the use of masking and altering one’s identity is not applied in the advancement of the play. Shortcomings within the antagonist, Iago, prevent him from maintaining a selected identity as he proceeds in executing retaliation.
    • This position seems reasonable, for Iago depicts weakness in Roderigo’s presence at times. Roderigo, being as sensitive and insecure as he is, complicates Iago’s plan. Iago is the reason why Roderigo has presented such determination to win back Desdemona. Alone, Iago must place a mask over himself to execute his plan, but Roderigo’s last minute crises disrupt that transition, requiring Iago to dismiss his identity and rebuild Roderigo’s confidence. His caring, supportive nature is needed to keep Roderigo strong, so he must therefore retain his original identity and reestablish faith in Roderigo. Both of their plans rely on each other.
    • However, Iago holds back certain information regarding his true intentions for Roderigo. Although it may appear that Iago is honest and true to Roderigo, he applies a mask in front of his dear ally when he deceitfully confronts him. Iago is truthful when he convinces Roderigo to engage in certain acts, but subtly implies alternative results. From what is heard, Iago is bona fide in his words to other characters, but additional information and analytical processes show how Iago’s “good nature” is cut off by a shield that suggests otherwise. His revenge plot is reinforced by the positive reputation he has created, which allows him to manipulate others and lead them to their downfall through their trust in his new and old identities.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Clearly, through Iago’s continuous presentations of a false identity in William Shakespeare’s Othello, readers can explore the strategic, hidden masks that one will apply to gain revenge over another.

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