Thursday, September 10, 2015

Attai/Brendle Othello Act 1 Summary Response (2)

Summary Response Outline

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • Othello by William Shakespeare explores the progression of anger, betrayal, and revenge through the conflicting actions displayed by the characters.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas (example and explanation/elaboration of example)
    • The maelstrom of emotions expressed by main characters Iago, Roderigo, and Othello introduces the story’s conflicts.
    • Othello, a renown black lieutenant in Venice, made decisions that instigated conflict with Iago, a loyal ancient of Othello who was not selected as his officer, and Roderigo, a man who is desperate to win the love of Othello’s new wife, Desdemona.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • In his play Othello, Shakespeare illustrates how these characters’ colliding actions advanced anger, betrayal, and revenge within the plot internally and externally.

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays) because ___________ .
    • Othello, by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays the strategic plotting associated with one’s desire for revenge, because the complexity of revenge can unexpectedly lead to the demise of another.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • Iago is one of the main antagonists and characters in the play. He possesses a great deal of military knowledge and skill, but is underutilized as an ancient, or servant, to the praised Othello. After a position as an officer alongside Othello was vacant, Iago hoped that he would be selected as a result of his loyalty and skill by Othello. Unfortunately, Othello gave the position to a man named Cassio, which Iago believed to be inexperienced and unqualified for the officer role. In order to gain revenge on Othello for his “misjudgment”, Iago places a “mask” over himself.
    • Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation” (       )
      • “He holds me well. The better shall my purpose work on him...The Moor is of a free and open nature that thinks men honest that but seem to be so, and will as tenderly be led by th’ nose as asses are ” (Shakespeare 1.3 55).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
      • Because Iago has proven himself to be trustworthy and loyal to Othello, he formulates a plan to utilize a “mask” to retaliate against the hated Moor Othello. By bestowing a shield of innocence over himself, Iago secures his place in his plot. He will use the good, trusting nature of Othello to hurt him in an undetected manner, which he plans will result in Othello’s downfall and lead to his succession of power.
  • Counterclaim 1: However,
    • Set-up
      • However, the villainous properties and complexities of revenge are not entirely portrayed correctly. Roderigo’s revenge plot against Othello was practically all reliant and based on Iago and his ideas. Throughout Act 1, Roderigo continually presented his impotence regarding his revenge plan. His actions implied that he desperately desired to take away Desdemona’s love from Othello. However, his shyness and confusion reflected vagueness in regards to major aspects of his plot.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • Roderigo’s unpreparedness is displayed as Iago explains, “Put money in thy purse. Follow thou the wars; defeat thy favor with an usurped beard...It cannot be that Desdemona should (long) continue her love to the Moor--put money in thy purse--nor he his to her” (Shakespeare 1.3 51).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
      • As a result of his insecurity, Roderigo failed to formulate an original, strategic plot, and therefore did not present the expected stealthiness of a revenge plan such as Iago’s. He then resorted to Iago’s idea to save money in his purse and spoil Desdemona in Cyprus. He does not have a strategic plan of his own and therefore does not accurately portray the individualistic qualities of an original, strategic plot.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • At first glance, strong plotting techniques against Othello are not applied in the advancement of the play. Shortcomings within some of the character’s conscience prevent them from strategically scheming retaliation.
    • This position seems reasonable, because Roderigo depicts weakness as he backs away in fear at the notion of obtaining revenge on Othello.  Determination to avenge the Moor is absent as Roderigo grieves his loss after the news of Desdemona and Othello’s unexpected elopement.
    • However, revengeful actions from the characters convey strategic plotting attempts against the disliked Othello. Iago applies a mask in front of Roderigo, when he deceitfully confronts him. This shows how Iago’s revenge plot is reinforced by the cowardice of Roderigo, and allows him to manipulate him for his benefit.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Through Iago’s despicable acts of betrayal in William Shakespeare’s Othello, the complexities of revenge are present and allow one to see how the strategic scheming of an antagonist is vital to the downfall of a foe.

1 comment:

  1. Good summary- a little less detail : focus on one main idea.

    Good response. you are missing a lead in to your claim quotation. I am struggling to interpret your findings in your counterclaim and rebuttal. It seems as though your argument is confusing. I am not sure if you really prove your topic sentence. Where do you show downfall of a foe?